BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: For cases of multiple sclerosis (MS), magnetization transfer (MT) imaging may provide more pathologically specific and accurate estimates of the disease process than does conventional imaging. In this study, we evaluated changes of the MT ratio (MTR) of newly enhancing lesions, the MTR of normal-appearing white matter (NAWM), the average lesion MTR, and the MT histogram-derived metrics during a 3-year follow-up period for patients with relapsing-remitting or secondary progressive MS. METHODS: Dual-echo, conventional spin-echo, and MT images were obtained from seven patients with relapsing-remitting MS, seven patients with secondary progressive MS, and five age- and sex-matched control subjects at the time of study entry and 1, 13, and 37 months later. RESULTS: Newly enhancing lesions in the patients with secondary progressive MS presented a more severe and significant MTR reduction during the follow-up period as compared with those in the relapsing-remitting group. In cases of secondary progressive MS, we also observed a significant reduction of the MTR values of the NAWM and a trend toward reduction of average lesion MTR values. The patients with MS had mean percentage changes of MT histogram-derived measures that were approximately two to 10 times higher than those of the control subjects. CONCLUSION: This preliminary 3-year follow-up study shows that newly enhancing lesions and NAWM in patients with secondary progressive MS have significantly lower MTR values than do those in patients with relapsing- remitting MS. It also shows that the tissue damage that remains after enhancement ceases is more severe in secondary progressive disease.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||American Journal of Neuroradiology|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology