The study involved eight metabolically stable children, with chronic renal failure on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) whom we followed for 12-18 months. For the first 6 months CAPD was performed with dextrose; for the subsequent 6-12 months the morning exchange was substituted with a 1% amino-acid (AA) solution. The following parameters did not change during the study: serum creatinine, uric acid, inorganic phosphate, serum bicarbonate, potassium, cholesterol, triglycerides, total protein, albumin and transferrin. The only parameter that changed was blood urea nitrogen, which increased moderately. The anthropometric parameters did not show significant variation before and after AA dialysis. The plasma AA profile, which under basal conditions showed lower levels of several essential AAs, improved during the treatment period, with a partial correction of the imbalance. It is possible that this correction of plasma AAs may positively influence the metabolism of some organs such as the brain, muscle and those of the hepatosplanchnic region. The intracellular pool of free AAs, measured in polymorphonuclear leucocytes, was severely altered before the treatment and after 6 and 12 months showed only minor variations. It is possible that some modifications in the proportion of the different AAs in the dialysis solution or an improvement in the concentration or in the number of exchanges per day are necessary in order to change the nutritional status and to modify the intracellular AA pool.
- Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
- Intracellular amino-acids
- Plasma amino-acids
- Polymorphonuclear leucocytes
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health