Aim: Cyclosporine is characterized by a wide interindividual variability in its pharmacokinetics. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of ABCB1 and SXR SNPs on cyclosporine exposure in a group of kidney transplant patients followed up from childhood to adulthood. Patients & methods: Recipients were genotyped for ABCB1 C1236T, G2677T/A and C3435T, and for SXR RS3842689 and A7635G. Dose-adjusted trough levels and weight-adjusted daily doses were compared among patients according to allelic status by a generalized estimation equation approach that allows longitudinal data analyses. Results: A genotype-dependent effect was found in all ABCB1 genotypes and in one of the SXR SNPs. This effect was particularly evident for the TT genotype of the ABCB1 G2677T/A SNP, the TT genotype of the ABCB1 C3435T SNP and for heterozygotes of the deletion of 6 bp in the promoter region of SXR. Conclusion: The presence of specific ABCB1 and SXR SNPs could significantly affect cyclosporine exposure during a kidney transplant patients development from childhood to adulthood in a time-dependent fashion. Original submitted 3 May 2013; Revision submitted 25 July 201.
- developmental pharmacology
- pediatric kidney transplantation
- single nucleotide polymorphism
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine