The effects of a 12- to 24-month treatment with depot long-acting octreotide (OCT-LAR) on hormone profile, tumor mass, and clinical symptoms were reported in 36 patients with active acromegaly [GH, 34.2 ± 5.6 μg/L; insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), 784.5 ± 40.4 μg/L]. Fifteen patients were de novo whereas 21 had previously undergone unsuccessful surgery. Serum GH (P <0.0001) and IGF-I levels (P <0.0001) significantly decreased as early as after the first injection of OCT-LAR and progressively declined during the 12-24 months of treatment both in de novo and in operated patients. At the last follow-up, GH hypersecretion was controlled (≤2.5 μg/L) in 69.4% whereas normal IGF-I levels were achieved in 61.1% of patients. GH and IGF-I suppression during OCT-LAR treatment was similar in de nova and operated patients as shown by nadir GH (2.3 ± 0.6 vs. 2.2 ± 0.6 μg/L) and IGF-I (323.1 ± 34.9 vs. 275.5 ± 33.0 μg/L), percent suppression of GH (92.7 ± 2.0 vs. 85.9 ± 3.3%) and IGF-I (57.4 ± 4.9 vs. 61.5 ± 4.6%), and prevalence of GH (73.3 vs. 76.2%) and IGF-I (53.3 vs. 71.4%) control. A decrease in tumor volume was observed in 12 of 15 de novo patients, whereas no shrinkage was detected in 4 of 9 operated patients. No patient had tumor reexpansion during OCT-LAR treatment. Significant clinical improvement was obtained in all patients; heart rate, systolic blood pressure, and diastolic blood pressure significantly decreased in the entire population. A mild but significant increase of blood glucose levels, followed by a decrease of serum insulin levels, was observed after 3 months of treatment: this effect subsided with treatment continuation. OCT-LAR treatment was well tolerated by most patients. In conclusion, long-term treatment with OCT-LAR was effective in controlling GH and IGF-I hypersecretion in most patients with acromegaly, when applied either as primary therapy or as adjunctive therapy after surgery. Tumor shrinkage was observed in de nova patients during OCT-LAR treatment, suggesting that it can be successfully applied as primary therapy in patients bearing invasive tumors, who are less likely to be cured after surgery.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism