Long-term efficacy and safety of golimumab in the treatment of multirefractory Behçet's disease

Antonio Vitale, Giacomo Emmi, Giuseppe Lopalco, Claudia Fabiani, Stefano Gentileschi, Elena Silvestri, Di Scala Gerardo, Florenzo Iannone, Bruno Frediani, Mauro Galeazzi, Giovanni Lapadula, Donato Rigante, Luca Cantarini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Our aim was to retrospectively assess the role of golimumab as a treatment choice in patients with Behçet's disease (BD). Seventeen patients diagnosed with BD according to the international criteria were consecutively enrolled; the BD Current Activity Form (BDCAF) was used to evaluate disease activity. After having collected clinical data from patients, statistical analysis was performed to identify differences between the start of therapy and last visit; significance was defined as p < 0.05. The mean duration of golimumab treatment was 18.47 ± 20.8 months. At the time of data enrollment, 12/17 (70.6%) patients were still on golimumab therapy. The mean time required to obtained clinical response was 4.9 ± 5.7 weeks. At 3 months evaluation, golimumab was able to control BD-related manifestations in 16/17 (94.1%) cases; the BDCAF values were significantly decreased at the last follow-up compared to those assessed at the start of golimumab (p = 0.002). The BDCAF improvement was significantly higher among patients co-administered with DMARDs than those undergoing golimumab as monotherapy (p = 0.048). At the last follow-up visit, corticosteroids had been discontinued in 10 (58.8%) patients, while the corticosteroid dosage was significantly lower at the last follow-up visit compared to the start of therapy in those patients already on corticosteroids at the end of the study (p = 0.001). Golimumab is a promising and safe treatment opportunity in BD patients with different systemic involvement, inducing a prompt resolution of clinical manifestations, a meaningful improvement of BDCAF score, and a significant corticosteroid-sparing effect. However, golimumab co-administered with DMARDs has provided better results than in patients undergoing monotherapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2063-2069
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Rheumatology
Volume36
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017

Keywords

  • Journal Article

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