Coronary artery calcifications(CACs), are related to the increased cardiovascular mortality during kidney transplantation(KTx). Using coronary-CT performed at 1 month(T0) and 5 years(T5) after KTx we evaluated: (1) the prevalence of CACs; (2) the clinical and biochemical factors related to CACs; 3) the factors implicated with CACs progression. We evaluated 67-pts selected from the 103-pts transplanted in our unit between 2007 and 2008. Clinical and biochemical parameters were recorded at the time of pre-KTx evaluation and for five years after KTx. Coronary-CT for the Agatson score (AS) evaluation was performed at T0 and at T5, and CACs progression was determined. At baseline AS was 45 [0–233]. At T5 AS was 119 [1–413]. At T0, 69% of patients had CACs. Age and dialytic vintage were the main independent variables related to CACs. At T5, CACs were present in 76% of patients. Age was the only independent factor in determining CACs. A progression of CACs was observed in 74% of patients. They were older, had higher CACs-T0 and higher SBP throughout the 5-years. The presence of CACs at T0 and age were the only independent factors in determining the CACs-progression. CACs-T0 had the best discriminative power for CACs progression. CACs prevalence is quite high in KTx patients; Age is strictly related to CACs; Age and the presence of CACs at baseline were the two major factors associated with the progression of CACs during the five years of follow up. CACs-T0 had the best discriminative power for progression of CACs.
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