Long-term follow-up after conservative surgery for rectovaginal endometriosis

Luigi Fedele, Stefano Bianchi, Giovanni Zanconato, Gaia Bettoni, Francesca Gotsch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate long-term results in patients who received conservative surgical treatment for rectovaginal endometriosis. Study design: We analyzed the follow-up data for 83 women who underwent surgery for rectovaginal endometriosis. The inclusion criteria were age 20 to 42 years, moderate-to-severe pain symptoms, conservative treatment with retention of the uterus, and at least 1 ovary; the follow-up period was ≥ 12 months. Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox regression were used to calculate recurrence rates. Results: The cumulative rates of pain recurrence, clinical or sonographic recurrence, and new treatment were 28%, 34%, and 27%, respectively. The younger patients had the higher risk of recurrence. Pregnancy had protective effects against the recurrence of symptoms and a need for a new treatment. Patients who underwent bowel resection had fewer recurrences. Conclusion: Segmental resection and anastomosis of the bowel, when necessary, improves the outcome without affecting chances of conception. Higher recurrence rates in younger patients seems to justify a more radical treatment in this group of women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1020-1024
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2004


  • Bowel resection
  • Rectovaginal endometriosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology


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