Long-term follow-up after radiofrequency catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation: Role of the acute procedure outcome and of the clinical presentation

Paolo Della Bella, Stefania Riva, Gaetano Fassini, Michela Casella, Corrado Carbucicchio, Nicola Trevisi, Marco Berti, Francesco Giraldi, Giuseppe Maccabelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aims. This study is a single centre long-term experience on a consecutive cohort of patients with paroxysmal or persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) undergoing electrical disconnection of pulmonary veins (PVs) by means of catheter ablation. Long-term outcome was analyzed in relation to acute procedure success and to the clinical presentation. Methods and results. Two hundred and thirty-four patients (182 males, mean age 55.9 ± 10.6 years), affected by paroxysmal (78%) or persistent AF, underwent an electrophysiologically guided isolation of PVs. ECG, Holter and clinical follow-up were obtained at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months. At discharge an antiarrhythmic drug, Flecainide, was given only in cases with incomplete disconnection; Amiodarone was administered in all persistent AF pts. Successful disconnection of all PVs was achieved in 90% of cases. The rate of stable sinus rhythm maintenance was 85%, 74%, 72% and 65% at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months, respectively. The one-year arrhythmia free survival rates were higher among patients with paroxysmal AF (68% vs. 54%, P 0.008), those with complete disconnection of all PVs and in patients younger than 55 years. Conclusions. The electrical disconnection of all the pulmonary veins should be the minimal endpoint of radiofrequency catheter ablation in patients with either paroxysmal or persistent AF. Incomplete disconnection of the PVs is predictive of recurrence. Long-term results of the ablation procedure were significantly better in patients with paroxysmal AF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-103
Number of pages9
JournalEuropace
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2005

Keywords

  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Catheter ablation
  • Pulmonary veins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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