Long-term follow-up of hairy cell leukemia patients treated with 2-chlorodeoxyadenosine

P. L. Zinzani, M. Magagnoli, M. Bendandi, M. Tani, V. Stefoni, C. Cellini, S. Poggi, M. Piccioli, S. Pileri, S. Tura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and Objectives. The management of patients with hairy cell leukemia (HCL) has evolved significantly over the past two decades. In fact, both 2-deoxycoformycin (DCF) and 2-chlorodeoxyadenosine (2-CdA) induce complete response (CR) in the majesty of the patients with HCL. However, fewer data exist on the long-term follow-up of patients who have undergone the characteristically brief exposure to 2-CdA therapy. Thus, it is impotent to evaluate such long-term outcome data in order to increase understanding of the efficacy of this agent in the management of HCL. Design and Methods. We reviewed the long-term follow-up data of 23 HCL patients pretreated with α-interferon and then treated with 2-CdA administered as a single continuous IV infusion for 7 days at the dose of 0.1 mg/kg/day in our institute between January 1991 and February 1992. Results. Of 23 patients, 19 (83%) achieved a CR and 4 (17%) a partial response (PR), with an overall response rate of 100%. After a median follow-up of 102 months (range: 96-108), there have been 9 (39%) relapses. In the PR subset 100% of patients relapsed within the first 45 months of follow-up. In the group of patients who obtained a CR, 26% relapsed; all these relapses occurred between 54 and 86 months. Overall the median time to relapse was 54 months (range: 16-86). All relapsed patients were retreated with 2-CdA at the dose of 0.15 mg/kg/day for 5 days in a 2-hour infusion, and 67% and 22% then obtained CR or PR, respectively. The russian duramen of this second response was 48 months (range: 22-80). All but one of these patients still maintain the second response to 2-CdA. The 9-year overall and the relapse-free survivals are 91% and 70%, respectively. Interpretation and Conclusions. In HCL patients a single dose of 2-CdA induces a long-term CR with a 9-year survival > 90%. Over 50% of patients appear to be clinically cured by this procedure, but the lack of a long-term plateau in the relapse-free survival curve means caution on this point is still warranted. (C) 2000, Ferrata Storti Foundation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)922-925
Number of pages4
JournalHaematologica
Volume85
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • 2-CdA
  • 9-year follow-up
  • HCL
  • Re-treated patients

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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