Long-term home care programmes may reduce hospital admissions in COPD with chronic hypercapnia

E. Clini, M. Vitacca, K. Foglio, P. Simoni, N. Ambrosino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) has been shown to improve survival in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. The clinical effectiveness of long-term home mechanical ventilation (HMV) is still discussed, nevertheless both LTOT and HMV are often included in the home care programmes of these patients. To evaluate the effectiveness of home care programmes including either HMV or LTOT, 34 COPD patients were studied. They were admitted to either HMV (Group A: 12 males and 5 females, aged 62±5 yrs), or LTOT (Group B: 9 males and 8 females, aged 62±8 yrs). They were compared to a historical group (Group C: 19 males and 10 females, aged 67±16 yrs) performing only their usual standard LTOT during the same period. Spirometry, maximal inspiratory pressure and arterial blood gas values were assessed at baseline and at 6, 12 and 18 months of followup. Mortality rate and number of hospital and intensive care unit (ICU) admissions and days of hospitalization were also assessed. Four out of 17 (23%) patients in Group A, 3 out of 17 (18%) in Group B, and 5 out of 29 (17%) in Group C died within 18 months. Of the lung function tests, only maximal inspiratory pressure in Group A showed a significant increase in the 18th month (50±4 to 56±7 cmH2O; p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1605-1610
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Respiratory Journal
Volume9
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1996

Keywords

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Home care
  • Home mechanical ventilation
  • Long-term oxygen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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