BackgroundThe benefit of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) among patients with mild heart failure (HF), reduced left ventricular (LV) function and wide QRS is well established. We studied the long-term stability of CRT.MethodsREVERSE was a randomized, double-blind study on CRT in NYHA Class I and II HF patients with QRS ≥120 ms and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤40%. After the randomized phase, all were programmed to CRT ON and prospectively followed through 5 years for functional capacity, echocardiography, HF hospitalizations, mortality, and adverse events. We report the results of the 419 patients initially assigned to CRT ON.FindingsThe mean follow-up time was 54.8 ± 13.0 months. After 2 years, the functional and LV remodelling improvements were maximal. The 6-min hall walk increased by 18.8 ± 102.3 m and the Minnesota and Kansas City scores improved by 8.2 ± 17.8 and 8.2 ± 17.2 units, respectively. The mean decrease in left ventricular end-systolic volume index and left ventricular end-diastolic volume index was 23.5 ± 34.1 mL/m2 (P <0.0001) and 25.4 ± 37.0 mL/m2 (P <0.0001) and the mean increase in LVEF 6.0 ± 10.8% (P <0.0001) with sustained improvement thereafter. The annualized and 5-year mortality was 2.9 and 13.5% and the annualized and 5-year rate of death or first HF hospitalization 6.4, and 28.1%. The 5-year LV lead-related complication rate was 12.5%.ConclusionIn patients with mild HF, CRT produced reverse LV remodelling accompanied by very low mortality and need for heart failure hospitalization. These effects were sustained over 5 years. Cardiac resynchronization therapy in addition to optimal medical therapy produces long-standing clinical benefits in mild heart failure.Clinical Trial RegistrationClinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT00271154.
- Cardiac resynchronization therapy
- Electrical dyssynchrony
- Heart failure
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine