Long-term maintenance of sustained virological response in liver transplant recipients treated for recurrent hepatitis C

Francesca Romana Ponziani, Raffaella Viganò, Rosa Maria Iemmolo, Maria Francesca Donato, Maria Rendina, Pierluigi Toniutto, Luisa Pasulo, Maria Cristina Morelli, Patrizia Burra, Lucia Miglioresi, Manuela Merli, Daniele Di Paolo, Stefano Fagiuoli, Antonio Gasbarrini, Maurizio Pompili, L. Belli, G. E. Gerunda, M. Marino, R. Montalti, F. Di BenedettoN. De Ruvo, C. Rigamonti, M. Colombo, G. Rossi, A. Di Leo, L. Lupo, V. Memeo, R. Bringiotti, M. Zappimbulso, D. Bitetto, V. Vero, M. Colpani, E. Fornasiere, A. D. Pinna, M. C. Morelli, V. Bertuzzo, E. De Martin, M. Senzolo, G. M. Ettorre, U. Visco-Comandini, G. Antonucci, M. Angelico, G. Tisone, V. Giannelli, M. Giusto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The recurrence of hepatitis C viral infection is common after liver transplant, and achieving a sustained virological response to antiviral treatment is desirable for reducing the risk of graft loss and improving patients' survival. Aim: To investigate the long-term maintenance of sustained virological response in liver transplant recipients with hepatitis C recurrence. Methods: 436 Liver transplant recipients (74.1% genotype 1) who underwent combined antiviral therapy for hepatitis C recurrence were retrospectively evaluated. Results: The overall sustained virological response rate was 40% (173/436 patients), and the mean follow-up after liver transplantation was 11. ±. 3.5 years (range, 5-24). Patients with a sustained virological response demonstrated a 5-year survival rate of 97% and a 10-year survival rate of 93%; all but 6 (3%) patients remained hepatitis C virus RNA-negative during follow-up. Genotype non-1 (p= 0.007), treatment duration >80% of the scheduled period (p= 0.027), and early virological response (p= 0.002), were associated with the maintenance of sustained virological response as indicated by univariate analysis. Early virological response was the only independent predictor of sustained virological response maintenance (p= 0.008). Conclusions: Sustained virological response achieved after combined antiviral treatment is maintained in liver transplant patients with recurrent hepatitis C and is associated with an excellent 5-year survival.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)440-445
Number of pages6
JournalDigestive and Liver Disease
Volume46
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • HCV antiviral treatment
  • Hepatitis C recurrence
  • Liver transplantation
  • Sustained viral response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Hepatology
  • Medicine(all)

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