Long-Term Memory Effects of Eye Closure on Children Eyewitness Testimonies

Valeria Natali, Francesco S. Marucci, Serena Mastroberardino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Previous studies conducted on adults and children found that closing the eyes while recalling an event increased memory accuracy for both free and cued recall. One possible explanation to this phenomenon is that eye closure increases the amount of cognitive resources devoted to the task reducing external stimulation, but it is still not clear whether the beneficial effect is only due to a better focus on the task or to a better encoding of the material leading to an advantage over time. In this study, we evaluated the effect of eye closure instruction on children memory accuracy for a short clip in an immediate and delayed recall. We observed that asking participants to close their eyes while performing a memory task helped them to remember more details and that this effect persisted after a time delay.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)730-736
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Cognitive Psychology
Volume26
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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