Long-Term Outcome After Antiviral Therapy of Patients With Hepatitis C Virus Infection and Decompensated Cirrhosis

Angelo Iacobellis, Francesco Perri, Maria Rosa Valvano, Nazario Caruso, Grazia Anna Niro, Angelo Andriulli

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Abstract

Background & Aims: We evaluated the long-term outcomes after antiviral therapy of patients with decompensated cirrhosis and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Methods: Seventy-five patients with HCV infection and decompensated cirrhosis received therapy with peginterferon alfa-2b and ribavirin. We compared adverse-event profiles and mortality rates between patients with or without sustained virologic responses (SVRs). The mean follow-up time off therapy was 51 ± 18 months (range, 3-78 months). Results: Seven patients with HCV genotypes 1 or 4 (16%) and 17 patients with genotypes 2 or 3 (55%) achieved SVRs. The mean survival times were 53 months among patients who did not achieve SVRs (95% confidence interval [CI], 48-59 months) and 73 months among those who did achieve SVRs (95% CI, 67-80 months) (P = .004). During the study, 25 patients died (2 with and 23 without SVRs). During the follow-up period, 8 of 24 patients with SVRs (33.3%) and 49 of 51 without SVRs (96.1%) experienced further events of decompensation (P <.0001). The hospital readmission rates for patients with and without SVRs were 7.4 and 56 per 1000 person-months, respectively (ratio of 7.5 without/with SVR; 95% CI, 4.0-16.0; P <.0001). At the end of the follow-up period, the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma was not associated with clearance of HCV. Conclusions: Among patients with cirrhosis that is a result of HCV infection and who have progressed to a stage of liver decompensation, an SVR after antiviral therapy is a positive prognostic factor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-253
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2011

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Keywords

  • Chronic Hepatitis
  • Clinical Trial
  • Liver Disease
  • Peg-IFN

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Hepatology

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