Long-term outcome of chronic myeloid leukemia patients treated frontline with imatinib

F. Castagnetti, G. Gugliotta, M. Breccia, F. Stagno, A. Iurlo, F. Albano, E. Abruzzese, B. Martino, L. Levato, T. Intermesoli, P. Pregno, G. Rossi, F. Gherlinzoni, P. Leoni, F. Cavazzini, C. Venturi, S. Soverini, N. Testoni, G. Alimena, M. CavoG. Martinelli, F. Pane, G. Saglio, G. Rosti, M. Baccarani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

For almost 10 years imatinib has been the therapeutic standard of chronic myeloid leukemia. The introduction of other tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) raised a debate on treatment optimization. The debate is still heated: some studies have protocol restrictions or limited follow-up; in other studies, some relevant data are missing. The aim of this report is to provide a comprehensive, long-term, intention-to-treat, analysis of 559 newly diagnosed, chronic-phase, patients treated frontline with imatinib. With a minimum follow-up of 66 months, 65% of patients were still on imatinib, 19% were on alternative treatment, 12% died and 4% were lost to follow-up. The prognostic value of BCR-ABL1 ratio at 3 months (≤10% in 81% of patients) was confirmed. The prognostic value of complete cytogenetic response and major molecular response at 1 year was confirmed. The 6-year overall survival was 89%, but as 50% of deaths occurred in remission, the 6-year cumulative incidence of leukemia-related death was 5%. The long-term outcome of first-line imatinib was excellent, also because of second-line treatment with other TKIs, but all responses and outcomes were inferior in high-risk patients, suggesting that to optimize treatment results, a specific risk-adapted treatment is needed for such patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1823-1831
Number of pages9
JournalLeukemia
Volume29
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 4 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Cancer Research
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
  • Medicine(all)

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