Long-term outcome of pattern-sensitive epilepsy

Mario Brinciotti, Maria Matricardi, Laura Cantonetti, Giada Lauretti, Maria Pugliatti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the long-term outcome of patients with pattern-sensitive epilepsy. Methods: We prospectively studied 35 patients (21 females and 14 males) with pattern-sensitive epilepsy (follow up ≥5 years; mean 13.9; range 6.4 - 27.6). All cases had regular clinical examinations and serial electroencephalographic (EEG) recordings. Photosensitivity and pattern sensitivity were ascertained neurophysiologically in all cases. Outcome was evaluated according to the following variables: duration of photosensitivity, rate of remission (seizure-free period ≥ 2 years), withdrawal of therapy, and recurrence after drug discontinuation. Results: The epilepsy was generalized in 18 cases (17 idiopathic, one symptomatic) and partial in 17 (13 idiopathic, four symptomatic). Sixteen patients (46%) had a family history of seizures. The mean age at the last examination was 21.4 years (range 11.2-35.5 years). Five patients (14%) had only reflex seizures. The most common type of spontaneous seizures was generalized (60%), whereas reflex seizures were more frequently partial (74%). Mean epilepsy duration was 8.7 ± 6.3 years. Patients with only reflex seizures were instructed to avoid precipitating stimuli and were not treated with antiepileptic drugs. Treatment was gradually withdrawn in 10 out of 30 treated patients, with relapse in only two cases. At the end of follow up, 28 patients (80%) were seizure-free. Conclusion: The long-term outcome of patients with pattern-sensitive epilepsy indicates a good prognosis with a favorable course for both spontaneous and reflex seizures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-40
Number of pages5
JournalEpilepsia
Volume47
Issue numberSUPPL. 5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2006

Keywords

  • Outcome
  • Pattern sensitivity
  • Pattern-sensitive epilepsy
  • Photosensitivity
  • Reflex seizures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

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