Long-Term Persistence and Relevant Therapeutic Impact of High-Titer Viral-Neutralizing Antibody in a Convalescent COVID-19 Plasma Super-Donor: A Case Report

Mafalda De Rienzo, Maria Laura Foddai, Laura Conti, Chiara Mandoj, Stefano Iaboni, Ilenia Saladini, Concetta Castilletti, Giulia Matusali, Davide Roberto Donno, Luisa Marchioni, Stefania Ianniello, Angela Corpolongo, Maria Palange, Gennaro Ciliberto, Giulia Piaggio, Federico De Marco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A convalescent, non-severe, patient with COVID-19 was enrolled as a hyper-immune plasma voluntary donor by the Immuno-Hematology and Transfusion Unit of the Regina Elena National Cancer Institute in Rome, under the TSUNAMI national study criteria. During a nearly 6-month period (May–October 2020), the patient was closely monitored and underwent four hyperimmune plasma collections. Serum SARS-CoV-2 (anti-S + anti-N) IgG and IgM, anti-S1 IgA, and neutralizing titers (NTs) were measured. Anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibody levels steadily decreased. No correlation was found between anti-S/anti-N IgG and IgM levels and viral NT, measured by either a microneutralization test or the surrogate RBD/ACE2-binding inhibition test. Conversely, NTs directly correlated with anti-S1 IgA levels. Hyperimmune donor plasma, administered to five SARS-CoV-2 patients with persistent, severe COVID-19 symptoms, induced short-term clinical and pathological improvement. Reported data suggest that high NTs can persist longer than expected, thus widening hyperimmune plasma source, availability, and potential use. In vitro RBD/ACE2-binding inhibition test is confirmed as a convenient surrogate index for neutralizing activity and patients’ follow-up, suitable for clinical settings where biosafety level 3 facilities are not available. IgA levels may correlate with serum neutralizing activity and represent a further independent index for patient evaluation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number690322
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalFrontiers in Immunology
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 23 2021

Keywords

  • case report
  • COVID-19
  • hyperimmune plasma
  • IgA
  • neutralizing antibodies
  • RBD/ACE2-binding inhibition test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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