BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Data on long-term health-related quality of life (HRQL) after esophagectomy for cancer show contradictory results. The aim was to analyze long-term HRQL at 3 or more years after esophagectomy.
METHODS: Survivors were identified among patients who had undergone esophagectomy during 2007-2013 using the local clinic database. Quality of life was assessed using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QLQ-C30 and OG25 questionnaires. Specific aspects were selected a priori and compared with published scores from European healthy subjects (mean difference, MD).
RESULTS: Sixty-five long-term survivors (median follow-up 4 years) were identified. All functional scales and most symptom scales were clinically similar between EC long-term survivors and European healthy subjects. Survivors reported more problems concerning eating (MD 13.1, 95% C.I. 10.6-15.6) and reflux (MD 19.7, 95% C.I. 15.9-23.5). HQRL variation from discharge to long term was available in 27 participants who reported improvements in role functioning (MD 40.1, 95%C.I. 24.3-56.0) and dysphagia (MD -41.9, 95% C.I. -51.7 to 32.0).
CONCLUSIONS: Long-term HRQL after esophagectomy is similar between EC survivors and European healthy subjects, despite persisting reflux and eating problems. Further research may focus on improvements of postoperative alimentary habits.
- Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery
- Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery
- Esophagectomy/adverse effects
- Follow-Up Studies
- Gastroesophageal Reflux/etiology
- Health Status
- Middle Aged
- Postoperative Complications
- Quality of Life
- Surveys and Questionnaires