To assess the long-term results of the edge-to-edge mitral repair performed without annuloplasty in degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR). From 1993 to 2002, 61 patients with degenerative MR were treated with an isolated edge-to-edge suture without any annuloplasty. Annuloplasty was omitted in 36 patients because of heavy annular calcification and in 25 for limited annular dilatation. A double-orifice repair was performed in 53 patients and a commissural edge-to-edge in 8. Hospital mortality was 1.6%. Follow-up was 100% complete (mean length, 9.2±4.21 years; median, 9.7; longest, 18.1). Survival at 12 years was 51.3±7.75%. At the last echocardiographic examination, MR ≥3+ was demonstrated in 33 patients (55%). At 12 years, freedom from reoperation was 57.8±7.21% and freedom from recurrence of MR ≥3+ was 43±7.6%. Residual MR >1+ at hospital discharge was identified as a risk factor for recurrence of MR ≥3+ (hazard ratio, 3.8; 95% confidence interval, 1.7-8.2; P=0.001). In patients with residual MR ≤1+ immediately after surgery, freedom from MR ≥3+ at 5 and 10 years was 80±6% and 64±7.58%, respectively. In degenerative MR, the overall long-term results of the surgical edge-to-edge technique without annuloplasty are not satisfactory. Early optimal competence (residual MR ≤1+) was associated with higher freedom from recurrent severe regurgitation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine