The Intergruppo Italiano Linfomi started, in 1996, a randomized trial for the initial treatment of elderly patients (older than 65 years) with Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma (B-DLCL) comparing 6 courses of Mini-CEOP vs 8 weeks of P-VEBEC chemotherapy. Study objectives were survival, response and Quality of Life (QoL). Two hundred and thirty-two patients were evaluable for final analysis. Complete Response (CR) and Overall Response Rates (ORR) were 54% vs 66% (p = 0.107) and 90% vs 78% (p = 0.021) for P-VEBEC and Mini-CEOP, respectively. With a median follow-up of 72 months, the 5-year Overall Survival (OS), Relapse Free Survival (RFS), and Failure Free Survival (FFS) were 32%, 52%, and 21%, respectively. Subjects achieving a CR showed improvement of QoL regardless of treatment arm. Both Mini-CEOP and P-VEBEC determined a similar outcome for elderly patients with B-DLCL, with a third of patients alive after more than 6 years of follow-up. Both regimens can be considered equally for combination treatment with anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research