Objective: Long-term left ventricular (LV) performance and patient outcome after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) procedure in the presence of depressed LV function and hibernating myocardium (HM) have been poorly determined. Therefore, we prospectively evaluated patients undergoing CABG with severe LV dysfunction and HM to elucidate postoperative prognosis. Methods: We enrolled 120 consecutive patients undergoing CABG with severe LV dysfunction and HM as assessed by dobutamine echocardiography and by rest-redistribution radionuclide (Thallium-201) study. Mean patient age was 60 ± 9 years (range 31-77 years). Mean preoperative LVEF was 28% ± 9 (range 10-40%). All patients underwent echocardiographic study to assess LV recovery of function intraoperatively, prior to hospital discharge, at 3 months, at 1 year, and yearly during the follow-up. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed to to evaluate predictors of postoperative survival. Results: There were 2 hospital (1.6%) and 15 late (12.5%) deaths, mainly for heart failure, leading to an actuarial survival of 80 ± 6% and 60 ± 9% at 5 and 8 years, respectively. LVEF significantly improved perioperatively (from 28 ± 9% to 40 ± 2%, P <0.01). Increase in LVEF, however, was gradually offset over the time (EF of 33 ± 9%, 32 ± 8%, and 30 ± 9% at 3 months, and 12 months, and 8 years after surgery, respectively). Furthermore, patients who experienced limited LV functional recovery perioperatively had a more remarkable decline of LVEF thereafter, and suffered from recurrence of heart failure symptoms (freedom from heart failure 82 ± 5% and 60 ± 8% at 4 and 8 years respectively). Advanced preoperative NYHA Class, and age were independent risks factors for reduced postoperative survival. Preoperative angina and use of arterial conduits apparently did not influence patient morbidity and mortality at long term. Conclusion: CABG procedure in the presence of HM enhances LV recovery of function and has a favourable prognosis. Functional benefit of the left ventricle, however, appears to be time-limited, despite remarkable improvement in patient functional capacity. Advanced preoperative heart failure, minimal perioperative improvement of LVEF, and age account for a poor long-term prognosis.
- Coronary artery bypass grafting
- Hibernating myocardium
- Ischemic cardiomyopathy
- Left ventricular dysfunction
- Postoperative prognosis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine