The flecainide infusion test has been proposed to screen candidates for hybrid pharmacological and ablation therapy. We report the long-term follow-up of 154 consecutive patients with paroxysmal or persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) who developed atrial flutter (AFL) during flecainide infusion (IC AFL), treated with inferior vena cava-tricuspid annulus isthmus catheter ablation and oral flecainide (hybrid therapy). Over a mean of 54.1 ± 13.1 months 82 patients (53%) remained free of AF and AFL. Flecainide was discontinued because of adverse effects in 6 patients (4%). A history of persistent AF, and the documentation of ≥1 spontaneous AFL episode before the flecainide test were independent predictors of successful hybrid therapy. In patients with paroxysmal AF without documented spontaneous AFL, the long-term efficacy of hybrid therapy was 38.5% (P = 0.03). The flecainide infusion test reliably detects candidates for hybrid therapy. The efficacy of this therapy is maintained over the long-term with a high patient compliance.
- Atrial flutter
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine