Risultati a lungo termine della linfadenectomia retroperitoneale laparoscopica nei tumori germinali non seminomatosi del testicolo; esperienza di un chirurgo anziano: 1999-2003.

Translated title of the contribution: [Long-term results of laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) in low-stage nonseminomatous germ-cell testicular tumors (NSGCTT) performed by a senior surgeon: 1999-2003].

G. Pizzocaro, M. Schiavo, S. Solima, M. Vitellaro, N. Biasoni, N. Nicolai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Laparoscopic RPLND for low-stages NSGCTT is controversial: it is performed and recommended by excellent laparoscopic surgeons, but it is not widely used. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the results achieved by a senior surgeon, expert in open RPLND, who was introduced to laparoscopic surgery by excellent laparoscopists (LN, CU, GJ). of the 48 operated patients, 36 had primary RPLND for clinical stage I disease (22 TIN0, 7 TxN0, 5 T2-3 N0 and 2 TIS1 N0) and 12 had post-chemotherapy surgery for IIA and IIB retroperitoneal nodes with normalized AFP and HCG. L-RPLND was performed with 4 ports and the en bloc removal of unilateral retroperitoneal nodes with the spermatic vessels. No post-operative adjuvant chemotherapy was planned for patients with documented nodal metastases as for open RPLND since 1985. Average operative time was 3.30' for the 36 clinical stage I patients and 4 hours for post-chemotherapy surgery. Blood loss was minimal in all cases, because of early conversion to open surgery in all patients with no immediate hemostasis at L-RPLND. Metastases were found in 6 (17%) out of the 36 clinical stage I patients: none in the 22 pTI, 1 in the 7 Tx, 3 in the 5 pT2-3 and in 2 of the 2 pT1S1 patients. Residual teratoma was found in 6 of the 12 patients who received neo-adjuvant chemotherapy for clinical stage IIA or IIB disease. The other 6 had fibrosis-necrosis. Further metastases developed in 2 of the 30 patients with negative nodes: 1 in the lung in a pT1, and 1 in a pT2 patient with increasing markers. Surprisingly, the first two pT2-3 patients with positive nodes developed liver metastases in a few months after L-RPLND. Consequently, all following patients with active metastases at L-RPLND received 2 courses of adjuvant PEB. All 4 patients who relapsed were cured, are alive and disease-free. L-RPLND is a very demanding operation, which appears to be more a staging procedure than a curative operation. It is ideal for pT1 clinical stage I and for post-chemotherapy stages IIA& B with residual teratoma and normalized markers, but wait & see in good risk and open RPLND in high risk patients are very competing. Only few reports compared laparoscopic versus open RPLND, but not in a randomized study.

Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)50-56
Number of pages7
Volume77 Suppl 17
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2010


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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