Long-term results of laryngotracheal resection for benign stenosis

Antonio D'Andrilli, Anna Maria Ciccone, Federico Venuta, Mohsen Ibrahim, Claudio Andreetti, Domenico Massullo, Rita Formisano, Erino A. Rendina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: We report the long-term results of our 16-year experience with laryngotracheal resection for benign stenosis. Methods: Between 1991 and 2006, 35 consecutive patients (19 males, 16 females) underwent laryngotracheal resection for subglottic postintubation (32) or idiopathic (3) stenosis. Mean age was 43 years (range 14-71). At the time of surgery 13 patients presented with tracheostomy and 7 with a Dumon stent. The upper limit of the stenosis was from 0.6 to 1.5 cm below the vocal cords. The length of airway resection ranged between 1.5 and 6 cm. Suprahyoid release was performed in two patients and pericardial release in one. Nine patients had psychiatric and/or neurological post-coma disorders. Mean follow-up is over 5 years (61 months; range 3-194). Results: There was no perioperative mortality. Thirty patients (85.7%) had excellent or good anatomic and functional results. Four patients (11.4%) presented restenosis at a distance of 25-110 days from the operation. Restenosis was successfully treated by endoscopic procedures in all four patients. One patient (2.9%) presented anastomotic dehiscence that required temporary tracheostomy closed after 1 year with no sequelae. Three patients (8.4%) had wound infection. Long-term follow-up was uneventful also in patients who had early complications. Conclusions: Long-term follow-up confirms that laryngotracheal resection is the definitive curative treatment for benign subglottic stenosis. Surgical complications can be successfully managed by non-operative procedures. Despite the occurrence of early complications, excellent and stable results can still be obtained at long term.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)440-443
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2008

Keywords

  • Laryngotracheal resection
  • Subglottic stenosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Surgery

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