Long-term results of sequential vein coronary artery bypass grafting compared with totally arterial myocardial revascularization: A propensity score-matched follow-up study

Andrea Garatti, Serenella Castelvecchio, Alberto Canziani, Livio Corain, Tommaso Generali, Eugenio Mossuto, Piervincenzo Gagliardotto, Luigi Anastasia, Luigi Salmaso, Francesca Giacomazzi, Lorenzo Menicanti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to analyse the early and long-term outcomes of a consecutive series of patients who underwent sequential coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and to compare them with a matched population of totally arterial revascularized patients. METHODS: From January 1994 to December 1996, 209 patients underwent total arterial myocardial revascularization at our institution [arterial (ART) group]. In the same period, 2097 patients underwent CABG with left internal thoracic artery on left anterior descending and great saphenous vein on the right and circumflex branches sequentially [sequential vein (SV) group]. The propensity score methodology was used to obtain risk-adjusted outcome comparisons between the two groups (209 vs 243 patients in the ART group and SV group, respectively). RESULTS: In-hospital mortality was 1% in the ART group and 0.4% in the SV group (P = 0.86). Mean follow-up was 14 ± 4 years. Long-term survival was comparable among the two study groups [actuarial 5- and 15-year survival rates were 97 vs 93% and 82 vs 79% in the ART group and the SV group, respectively (P = 0.29)]. At follow-up, recurrence of angina (17 vs 18%; P = 0.99), acute myocardial infarction (MI) (3 vs 5%; P = 0.72) and repeated percutaneous coronary intervention (19 vs 21%; P = 0.69) were similar in the ART group compared with the SV group. In the Cox regression analysis, type of revascularization was not an independent predictor of any long-term outcomes (death or major adverse cardiac events). In asymptomatic patients, exercise stress test at follow-up was comparable between the two groups (P = 0.14). CONCLUSIONS: Sequential vein CABG appears to have good early and long-term clinical outcomes. Also, early and long-term incidence of acute MI was not significantly higher in the SV group. However, further studies with a larger population are warranted in order to confirm the present results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1006-1013
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Volume46
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2014

Keywords

  • CABG, arterial grafts
  • CABG, venous grafts
  • Ischaemic heart disease, angina
  • Outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Medicine(all)

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