Long-term urological follow-up of occult spinal dysraphism in children

M. L. Capitanucci, B. D. Iacobelli, M. Silveri, G. Mosiello, M. De Gennaro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


From 1980 to 1996 we followed up 65 children with occult spinal dysraphism (OSD) out of 85 observed in our urodynamic laboratory. The average age at diagnosis was 4.7 years (range: 1-21 years). In 19 cases (22%) the OSD was associated with anorectal anomalies (ARA). Urinary incontinence or voiding anomalies with urinary tract infection were the presenting symptom in 34 children (49%). At diagnosis all children underwent complete neuro-urological and urodynamic evaluation. Thirty-eight patients underwent neurosurgical correction. Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) was present or developed in 17 patients: 15 underwent endoscopic procedures and 2 required surgery; 2 needed bladder augmentation because of upper tract and renal function deterioration. Urinary incontinence was treated mainly by intermittent catheterization and anticholinergic drugs, but endoscopic treatment was performed in 3 children. At long-term follow-up (2 to 14 years), socially acceptable continence was achieved in 78% of 57 children (8 could not be assessed because they were less than 4 years old). Upper urinary tract deterioration occurred in 15% and renal failure in 7.5%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-26
Number of pages2
JournalEuropean Journal of Pediatric Surgery, Supplement
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1996


  • bladder dysfunction
  • neurogenic bladder
  • occult spinal dysraphism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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