OBJECTIVE: To describe contemporary patient characteristics and treatment patterns, including antithrombotic management, of post-myocardial infarction (MI) stable coronary artery disease (CAD) patients at high atherothrombotic risk from different geographical regions.
METHODS: Patients ≥50years with prior MI 1-3years ago and ≥1 risk factor (age ≥65years, diabetes, 2nd prior MI >1yr ago, multivessel CAD, creatinine clearance 15-<60ml/min) were enrolled by 369 physicians (96% cardiologists) in 25 countries (2013-14) in the prospective TIGRIS study (NCT01866904).
RESULTS: 9225 patients were enrolled (median 1.8years) post-MI: 52% with prior ST-elevation MI, median age 67years, 24% women, 67% Caucasian, 55% had ≥2 additional qualifying risk factors, 14% current smokers, 67% overweight/obese, 34% with blood pressure ≥140/90mmHg. 81% underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI; 66% with drug-eluting stents) for the index MI. 75% of patients had been discharged on dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT; acetylsalicylic acid [ASA]+ADP receptor inhibitor [ADPri]), mainly clopidogrel (75%). 63% had discontinued antiplatelet treatment (60% ADPri) around 1year, most commonly by physician recommendation (90%). At enrolment, 97% were taking an antithrombotic drug, most commonly ASA (88%), with 27% on DAPT (median duration 1.6years); continued DAPT >1year was highest (39%) in Asia-Pacific and lowest (12%) in Europe.
CONCLUSIONS: Despite guideline recommendations, 1 in 4 post-MI patients did not receive DAPT for ~1year. In contrast to guideline recommendations supporting newer ADPris, clopidogrel was mainly prescribed. Prior to recent RCT data supporting DAPT >1year post-MI/PCI, >1 in 4 patients have continued on DAPT, though with substantial international variability.
- Coronary Artery Disease
- Coronary Restenosis
- Drug-Eluting Stents
- International Cooperation
- Long Term Adverse Effects
- Middle Aged
- Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
- Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
- Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
- Practice Guidelines as Topic
- Risk Factors
- ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction
- Journal Article
- Multicenter Study
- Observational Study