Longitudinal comparison between male and female preschool children with autism spectrum disorder

Valentina Postorino, Laura Maria Fatta, Lavinia De Peppo, Giulia Giovagnoli, Marco Armando, Stefano Vicari, Luigi Mazzone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Epidemiological studies have highlighted a strong male bias in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), however few studies have examined gender differences in autism symptoms, and available findings are inconsistent. The aim of the present study is to investigate the longitudinal gender differences in developmental profiles of 30 female and 30 male age-matched preschool children with ASD. All the children underwent a comprehensive evaluation at T0 and at T1. Our results have shown no significant interaction between time and gender for predicting autism symptoms, developmental quotient, parental stress, children’s adaptive skills and behavior problems. Shedding light on the developmental trajectories in ASD could help clinicians to recognize children with ASD at an earlier age and contribute to the development of appropriate treatments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2046-2055
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 19 2015


  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Females
  • Longitudinal
  • Males
  • Preschoolers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Medicine(all)


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