Longitudinal study of interventional radiology activity in a large metropolitan Italian tertiary care hospital: how the COVID-19 pandemic emergency has changed our activity

Roberto Iezzi, Iacopo Valente, Alessandro Cina, Alessandro Posa, Andrea Contegiacomo, Andrea Alexandre, Francesco D’Argento, Emilio Lozupone, Michele Barone, Francesca Giubbolini, Luca Milonia, Andrea Romi, Anna Rita Scrofani, Alessandro Pedicelli, Riccardo Manfredi, Cesare Colosimo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To retrospectively analyze interventional radiology (IR) activity changes in the COVID-19 era and to describe how to safely and effectively reorganize IR activity. Methods: All IR procedures performed between January 30 and April 8, 2020 (COVID-era group) and the same 2019 period (non-COVID-era group) were retrospectively included and compared. A sub-analysis for the lockdown period (LDP: 11 March–8 April) was also conducted. Demographic, hospitalization, clinical, and procedural data were obtained for both groups and statistically compared with univariable analysis. Results: A total of 1496 procedures (non-COVID era, 825; COVID era, 671) performed in 1226 patients (64.9 ± 15.1 years, 618 women) were included. The number of procedures decreased by 18.6% between 2019 and 2020 (825 vs 671, p <.001), with a reduction by 48.2% in LDP (188 vs 363, p <.0001). In the LDP COVID era, bedside procedures were preferred (p =.013), with an increase in procedures from the intensive care unit compared with the emergency department and outpatients (p =.048), and an increased activity for oncological patients (p =.003). No incidents of cross-infection of non-infected from infected patients and no evidence of COVID-19 infection of healthcare workers in the IR service was registered. Conclusions: Coronavirus disease outbreak changed the interventional radiology activity with an overall reduction in the number of procedures. However, this study confirms that interventional radiology continuum of care can be safely performed also during the pandemic, following defined measures and protocols, taking care of all patients. Key Points: • Coronavirus disease pandemic determined a reduction of interventional radiology activity as compared to the same period of the previous year. • Interventional radiology procedures for life-threatening conditions and non-deferrable oncologic treatments were prioritized as opposed to elective procedures. • Strict adoption of safe procedures allowed us to have until now no incidents of cross-infection of non-infected from infected patients and no evidence of COVID-19 infection of HCWs in the IR service.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6940-6949
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Radiology
Volume30
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2020

Keywords

  • Infections
  • Interventional radiology
  • Neoplasms
  • Safety
  • Virus diseases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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