Longitudinal tracking of triple labeled umbilical cord derived mesenchymal stromal cells in a mouse model of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

Martina Bruna Violatto, Chiara Santangelo, Chiara Capelli, Roberta Frapolli, Raffaele Ferrari, Leopoldo Sitia, Massimo Tortarolo, Laura Talamini, Sara Previdi, Davide Moscatelli, Mario Salmona, Martino Introna, Caterina Bendotti, Paolo Bigini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The translational potential of cell therapy to humans requires a deep knowledge of the interaction between transplanted cells and host tissues. In this study, we evaluate the behavior of umbilical cord mesenchymal stromal cells (UC-MSCs), labeled with fluorescent nanoparticles, transplanted in healthy or early symptomatic transgenic SOD1G93A mice (a murine model of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis). The double labeling of cells with nanoparticles and Hoechst-33258 enabled their tracking for a long time in both cells and tissues. Whole-body distribution of UC-MSCs was performed by in-vivo and ex-vivo analyses 1, 7, 21. days after single intravenous or intracerebroventricular administration. By intravenous administration cells were sequestered by the lungs and rapidly cleared by the liver. No difference in biodistribution was found among the two groups. On the other hand, UC-MSCs transplanted in lateral ventricles remained on the choroid plexus for the whole duration of the study even if decreasing in number. Few cells were found in the spinal cord of SOD1G93A mice exclusively. No migration in brain parenchyma was observed. These results suggest that the direct implantation in brain ventricles allows a prolonged permanence of cells close to the damaged areas and makes this method of tracking reliable for future studies of efficacy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-253
Number of pages11
JournalStem Cell Research
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2015

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Keywords

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
  • Cell tracking
  • In vivo imaging
  • Mesenchymal stromal cells
  • Nanotechnology
  • Umbilical cord

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Medicine(all)

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