Longterm Safety and Efficacy of Adalimumab and Infliximab for Uveitis Associated with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Vanessa Cecchin, Maria Elisabetta Zannin, Daniele Ferrari, Irene Pontikaki, Elisabetta Miserocchi, Maria P Paroli, Claudia Bracaglia, Denise Pires Marafon, Serena Pastore, Fulvio Parentin, Gabriele Simonini, Cinzia De Libero, Fernanda Falcini, Antonella Petaccia, Giovanni Filocamo, Riccardo De Marco, Francesco La Torre, Silvana Guerriero, Silvana Martino, Francesco ComacchioValentina Muratore, Giorgia Martini, Fabio Vittadello, Francesco Zulian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Anti-TNF-α agents have significantly changed the management of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). We evaluated the safety and efficacy of adalimumab (ADA) and infliximab (IFX) for the treatment of JIA-associated uveitis in patients treated for ≥ 2 years.

METHODS: Patients with JIA-associated uveitis treated with IFX and ADA were managed by a standardized protocol and data were entered in the ORCHIDEA registry. At baseline, all patients were refractory to standard immunosuppressive treatment or were corticosteroid-dependent. Data recorded every 3 months were uveitis course, number/type of ocular flares and complications, drug-related adverse events (AE), and treatment switch or withdrawal. Data of patients treated for ≥ 2 years were analyzed by descriptive statistics.

RESULTS: Up to December 2014, 154 patients with ≥ 24 months followup were included in the study. Fifty-nine patients were treated with IFX and 95 with ADA. Clinical remission, defined as the absence of flares for > 6 months on treatment, was achieved in 69 patients (44.8%), with a better remission rate for ADA (60.0%) as compared to IFX (20.3%; p < 0.001). A significant reduction of flares was observed in all patients without difference between the 2 treatment modalities. The number of new ocular complications decreased in both groups but was lower for ADA (p = 0.015). No serious AE were recorded; 16.4% of patients experienced 35 minor AE and the incidence rate was lower with ADA than with IFX.

CONCLUSION: At the 2-year followup, ADA showed a better efficacy and safety profile than IFX for the treatment of refractory JIA-associated uveitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1167-1172
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Rheumatology
Volume45
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2018

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