The ability of lonidamine (LND), an energolytic derivative of indazole- carboxylic acid, to modulate the cytotoxicity of Taxol (TX) was investigated in the A2780 human ovarian cancer cell line. Different cytotoxicity results were obtained as a function of treatment schedule. Specifically, TX followed by LND produced synergistic effects. Conversely, antagonistic effects were recorded when drugs were given simultaneously or according to the opposite sequence. TX induced an oligonucleosomal DNA fragmentation typical of the apoptotic process. The extent and the kinetics of DNA cleavage in samples treated with the taxane alone were similar to those of samples treated with the TX-LND sequence. Activation of Yama protease and degradation of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase were not observed after individual or combined treatment. LND did not appreciably modify the effect exerted by TX on proteins involved in cell cycle progression (i.e., inhibition of p34(cdc2) expression) and apoptosis (i.e., upregulation of wt p53 and transactivation of p21(waf1), and only caused a slight induction of the Bax protein. LND alone did not affect tubulin polymerization in A2780 cells and, when administered after a 24 hr TX exposure, did not appreciably alter the extent of tubulin polymerization induced by the taxane. Although additional studies are needed to define the molecular basis of the TX-LND interaction, our results suggest that LND can positively modulate the antitumor activity of TX in ovarian cancer cells and indicate that the energolytic is potentially useful in combination therapy including the taxane in ovarian cancer patients.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||International Journal of Cancer|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 29 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research