Loop ileostomy versus loop colostomy for fecal diversion after colorectal or coloanal anastomosis: A meta-analysis

F. Rondelli, P. Reboldi, A. Rulli, F. Barberini, A. Guerrisi, Luciano Izzo, A. Bolognese, P. Covarelli, C. Boselli, C. Becattini, G. Noya

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Abstract

Background: Sphincter-saving surgery for the treatment of middle and low rectal cancer has spread considerably when total mesorectal excision became standard treatment. In order to reduce leakage-related complications, surgeons often perform a derivative stoma, a loop ileostomy (LI), or a loop colostomy (LC), but to date, there is no evidence on which is the better technique to adopt. Methods: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of all randomized controlled trials until 2007 and observational studies comparing temporary LI and LC for temporary decompression of colorectal and/or coloanal anastomoses. Methods: Clinically relevant events were grouped into four study outcomes: - general outcome measures: dehydratation and wound infection GOM - construction of the stoma outcome measures: parastomal hernia, stenosis, sepsis, prolapse, retraction, necrosis, and hemorrhage - closure of the stoma outcome measures: anastomotic leak or fistula, wound infection COM, occlusion and hernia - functioning of the stoma outcome measures: occlusion and skin irritation. Results: Twelve comparative studies were included in this analysis, five randomized controlled trials and seven observational studies. Overall, the included studies reported on 1,529 patients, 894 (58.5%) undergoing defunctioning LI. LI reduced the risk of construction of the stoma outcome measure (odds ratio, OR = 0.47). Specifically, patients undergoing LI had a lower risk of prolapse (OR = 0.21) and sepsis (OR = 0.54). LI was associated with an excess risk of occlusion after stoma closure (OR = 2.13) and dehydratation (OR = 4.61). No other significant difference was found for outcomes. Conclusion: Our overview shows that LI is associated with a lower risk of construction of the stoma outcome measures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)479-488
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Colorectal Disease
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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Keywords

  • Derivative enterostomy
  • Loop colostomy
  • Loop ileostomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Rondelli, F., Reboldi, P., Rulli, A., Barberini, F., Guerrisi, A., Izzo, L., Bolognese, A., Covarelli, P., Boselli, C., Becattini, C., & Noya, G. (2009). Loop ileostomy versus loop colostomy for fecal diversion after colorectal or coloanal anastomosis: A meta-analysis. International Journal of Colorectal Disease, 24(5), 479-488. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00384-009-0662-x