Objective- EMILIN-1 (elastin microfibrils interface located protein-1) protein inhibits pro-TGF-β (transforming growth factor-β) proteolysis and limits TGF-β bioavailability in vascular extracellular matrix. Emilin1-/- null mice display increased vascular TGF-β signaling and are hypertensive. Because EMILIN-1 is expressed in vessels from embryonic life to adulthood, we aimed at unravelling whether the hypertensive phenotype of Emilin1-/- null mice results from a developmental defect or lack of homeostatic role in the adult. Approach and Results- By using a conditional gene targeting inactivating EMILIN-1 in smooth muscle cells of adult mice, we show that increased blood pressure in mice with selective smooth muscle cell ablation of EMILIN-1 depends on enhanced myogenic tone. Mechanistically, we unveil that higher TGF-β signaling in smooth muscle cells stimulates HB-EGF (heparin-binding epidermal growth factor) expression and subsequent transactivation of EGFR (epidermal growth factor receptor). With increasing intraluminal pressure in resistance arteries, the cross talk established by TGF-β and EGFR signals recruits TRPC6 (TRP [transient receptor potential] classical type 6) and TRPM4 (TRP melastatin type 4) channels, lastly stimulating voltage-dependent calcium channels and potentiating myogenic tone. We found reduced EMILIN-1 and enhanced myogenic tone, dependent on increased TGF-β-EGFR signaling, in resistance arteries from hypertensive patients. Conclusions- Taken together, our findings implicate an unexpected role of the TGF-β-EGFR pathway in hypertension with current translational perspectives.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2018|