Loss of methylation at chromosome 11p15.5 is common in human adult tumors

Rosaria A M Scelfo, Christine Schwienbacher, Angelo Veronese, Laura Gramantieri, Luigi Bolondi, Patrizia Querzoli, Italo Nenci, George A. Calin, Adriano Angioni, Giuseppe Barbanti-Brodano, Massimo Negrini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Chromosome 11p15 deletion is frequent in human tumors, suggesting the presence of at least one tumor suppressor gene within this region. While mutation analyses of local genes revealed only rare mutations, we have previously described a mechanism, gain of imprinting, that leads to loss of expression of genes located on the maternal 11p15 chromosome in human hepatocarcinomas. Loss of expression was often associated with loss of maternal-specific methylation at the KvDMR1 locus. Here, we show that loss of the maternal KvDMR1 methylation is common, ranging from 30 to 50%, to a variety of adult neoplasms, including liver, breast, cervical and gastric carcinomas. We found that other 11p15.5 loci were concomitantly hypomethylated, indicating that loss of KvDMR1 methylation occurred in the context of a common mechanism affecting the methylation of a large 11p15 subchromosomal domain. These epigenetic abnormalities were not detected in any normal somatic tissue. Therefore, it seems possible that, contrary to the repression of promoter activity caused by hypermethylation, loss of gene expression at 11p15.5 may result from the activation, by hypomethylation, of one or more negative regulatory elements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2564-2572
Number of pages9
JournalOncogene
Volume21
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 11 2002

Fingerprint

Methylation
Chromosomes
Mothers
Neoplasms
Gene Expression
Chromosome Deletion
Mutation
Human Chromosomes
Liver Neoplasms
Tumor Suppressor Genes
Epigenomics
Stomach
Breast
Carcinoma
Genes

Keywords

  • Chromosome 11p15.5
  • DNA hypomethylation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research
  • Genetics

Cite this

Scelfo, R. A. M., Schwienbacher, C., Veronese, A., Gramantieri, L., Bolondi, L., Querzoli, P., ... Negrini, M. (2002). Loss of methylation at chromosome 11p15.5 is common in human adult tumors. Oncogene, 21(16), 2564-2572. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj/onc/1205336

Loss of methylation at chromosome 11p15.5 is common in human adult tumors. / Scelfo, Rosaria A M; Schwienbacher, Christine; Veronese, Angelo; Gramantieri, Laura; Bolondi, Luigi; Querzoli, Patrizia; Nenci, Italo; Calin, George A.; Angioni, Adriano; Barbanti-Brodano, Giuseppe; Negrini, Massimo.

In: Oncogene, Vol. 21, No. 16, 11.04.2002, p. 2564-2572.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Scelfo, RAM, Schwienbacher, C, Veronese, A, Gramantieri, L, Bolondi, L, Querzoli, P, Nenci, I, Calin, GA, Angioni, A, Barbanti-Brodano, G & Negrini, M 2002, 'Loss of methylation at chromosome 11p15.5 is common in human adult tumors', Oncogene, vol. 21, no. 16, pp. 2564-2572. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj/onc/1205336
Scelfo RAM, Schwienbacher C, Veronese A, Gramantieri L, Bolondi L, Querzoli P et al. Loss of methylation at chromosome 11p15.5 is common in human adult tumors. Oncogene. 2002 Apr 11;21(16):2564-2572. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj/onc/1205336
Scelfo, Rosaria A M ; Schwienbacher, Christine ; Veronese, Angelo ; Gramantieri, Laura ; Bolondi, Luigi ; Querzoli, Patrizia ; Nenci, Italo ; Calin, George A. ; Angioni, Adriano ; Barbanti-Brodano, Giuseppe ; Negrini, Massimo. / Loss of methylation at chromosome 11p15.5 is common in human adult tumors. In: Oncogene. 2002 ; Vol. 21, No. 16. pp. 2564-2572.
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