Loss of miR-107, miR-181c and miR-29a-3p promote activation of Notch2 signaling in pediatric high-grade gliomas (pHGGs)

Giuseppina Catanzaro, Claudia Sabato, Michele Russo, Alessandro Rosa, Luana Abballe, Zein Mersini Besharat, Agnese Po, Evelina Miele, Diana Bellavia, Martina Chiacchiarini, Marco Gessi, Giovanna Peruzzi, Maddalena Napolitano, Manila Antonelli, Angela Mastronuzzi, Felice Giangaspero, Franco Locatelli, Isabella Screpanti, Alessandra Vacca, Elisabetta Ferretti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The mechanisms by which microRNAs control pediatric high-grade gliomas (pHGGs) have yet to be fully elucidated. Our studies of patient-derived pHGG tissues and of the pHGG cell line KNS42 revealed down-regulation in these tumors of three microRNAs, specifically miR-107, miR-181c, and miR-29a-3p. This down-regulation increases the proliferation of KNS42 cells by de-repressing expression of the Notch2 receptor (Notch2), a validated target of miR-107 and miR-181c and a putative target of miR-29a-3p. Inhibition (either pharmacologic or genetic) of Notch2 or re-expression of the implicated microRNAs (all three combined but also individually) significantly reduced KNS42 cell proliferation. These findings suggest that Notch2 pathway activation plays a critical role in pHGGs growth and reveal a direct epigenetic mechanism that controls Notch2 expression, which could potentially be targeted by novel forms of therapy for these childhood tumors characterized by high-morbidity and high-mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2742
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume18
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 17 2017

Keywords

  • Cell proliferation
  • MicroRNAs
  • MiR-107
  • MiR-181c
  • MiR-29a-3p
  • Notch2 signaling
  • Pediatric high-grade gliomas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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