Loss of Mtmr2 phosphatase in Schwann cells but not in motor neurons causes Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 4B1 neuropathy with myelin outfoldings

Annalisa Bolis, Silvia Coviello, Simona Bussini, Giorgia Dina, Celia Pardini, Stefano Carlo Previtali, Mariachiara Malaguti, Paolo Morana, Ubaldo Del Carro, Maria Laura Feltri, Angelo Quattrini, Lawrence Wrabetz, Alessandra Bolino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Mutations in MTMR2, the myotubularin-related 2 gene, cause autosomal recessive Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 4B1 (CMT4B1). This disorder is characterized by childhood onset of weakness and sensory loss, severely decreased nerve conduction velocity, demyelination in the nerve with myelin outfoldings, and severe functional impairment of affected patients, mainly resulting from loss of myelinated fibers in the nerve. We recently generated Mtmr2-nullneo mice, which show a dysmyelinating neuropathy with myelin outfoldings, thus reproducing human CMT4B1. Mtmr2 is detected in both Schwann cells and neurons, in which it interacts with discs large 1/synapse-associated protein 97 and neurofilament light chain, respectively. Here, we specifically ablated Mtmr2 in either Schwann cells or motor neurons. Disruption of Mtmr2 in Schwann cells produced a dysmyelinating phenotype very similar to that of the Mtmr2-null neo mouse. Disruption of Mtmr2 in motor neurons does not provoke myelin outfoldings nor axonal defects. We propose that loss of Mtmr2 in Schwann cells, but not in motor neurons, is both sufficient and necessary to cause CMT4B1 neuropathy. Thus, therapeutical approaches might be designed in the future to specifically deliver the Mtmr2 phospholipid phosphatase to Schwann cells in affected nerves.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8567-8577
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume25
Issue number37
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 14 2005

Keywords

  • Mice
  • Motor neuron
  • Myelin
  • Neuropathy
  • Phosphatase
  • Schwann cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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