Loss of osmotic thirst in multiple system atrophy: Association with sinoaortic baroreceptor deafferentation

M. Bevilacqua, G. Norbiato, V. Righini, T. Vago, L. Castelli, F. Carella, T. Caraceni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We evaluated plasma osmolality (pOsm), thirst, and vasopressin response to hypertonic saline infusion in 14 patients with multiple system atrophy (MSA). This disease is characterized by the degeneration of noradrenergic neurons in the central nervous system and severe orthostatic hypotension. Seven patients were also characterized by the lack of vasopressin response to hypotension (group B) and seven by a preserved response (group A). In group A pOsm rose from 290 ± 2 to 312 ± 6 mosmol/kgH2O, vasopressin from 0.9 ± 0.3 to 5.7 ± 0.5 pmol/l, and thirst from 1.1 ± 0.1 to 8.7 ± 1.1 cm on the visual analog scale. After saline, patients drank 1,215 ± 150 ml of water (no different from healthy controls). In group B patients' pOsm rose from 296 ± 3 to 325 ± 6 mosmol/kgH2O and vasopressin from 1.2 ± 0.1 to 19.6 ± 0.4 pmol/l (P <0.01 vs. group A and controls). Group B patients had no thirst during saline and drank little after the challenge (175 ± 50 ml; P <0.01 vs. group A and control). Forced drinking decreased vasopressin in patients before changes in pOsm, showing that inhibitory afferents from oropharyngeal mucosa were intact. In MSA patients with altered afferent control of vasopressin there is a dissociation between the osmotic control of thirst and the osmotic control of vasopressin.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume266
Issue number6 35-6
Publication statusPublished - 1994

Keywords

  • anteroventral third ventricle
  • catecholamine depletion
  • osmolality
  • sinoaortic deafferentation
  • thirst
  • vasopressin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

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