Low adherence of a clinically healthy Italian population to nutritional recommendations for primary prevention of chronic diseases

Francesco Sofi, Giulia Innocenti, Carla Dini, Laura Masi, Nino Carlo Battistini, Maria Luisa Brandi, Carlo Maria Rotella, Gian Franco Gensini, Rosanna Abbate, Calogero Surrenti, Alessandro Casini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and aim: Several data demonstrated that dietary habits significantly affect the health state of the population. During recent years all the major scientific associations have provided nutritional recommendations for primary prevention of chronic diseases but few data are available about prevalence of adherence to these recommendations in an otherwise healthy population. The aims of this study were to evaluate dietary habits, and to assess the adherence of the general population to the recommendations for correct nutritional behaviour. Methods and results: Dietary habits, anthropometric and biochemical parameters were evaluated in a population of 932 (367 M; 565 F) clinically healthy subjects living in Florence, enrolled in an epidemiologic study conducted between 2002 and 2004. By comparing the dietary pattern with the nutritional guidelines, the study population reported a hyperproteic and hyperlipidic nutritional pattern, with a considerably low contribution from polyunsaturated fats (PUFA). A low fibre intake is shown in both genders. In addition, food consumption pattern showed an increased consumption of some foods such as meat, both fresh and processed, and a low intake of some "healthy" foods like fruit and vegetables. Conclusions: We found several nutritional flaws in the dietary habits of a clinically healthy Italian population. In particular, we reported a high intake of animal protein and total fats with a very low contribution from PUFA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)436-444
Number of pages9
JournalNutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases
Volume16
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2006

Keywords

  • Chronic disease
  • Dietary habits
  • Food consumption pattern
  • Mediterranean diet
  • Primary prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Low adherence of a clinically healthy Italian population to nutritional recommendations for primary prevention of chronic diseases'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Sofi, F., Innocenti, G., Dini, C., Masi, L., Battistini, N. C., Brandi, M. L., Rotella, C. M., Gensini, G. F., Abbate, R., Surrenti, C., & Casini, A. (2006). Low adherence of a clinically healthy Italian population to nutritional recommendations for primary prevention of chronic diseases. Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, 16(6), 436-444. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.numecd.2005.09.002