ST2146biot is a biotinylated anti-tenascin monoclonal antibody (mAb) to be used for Pretargeted Antibody Guided Radioimmunotherapy (PAGRIT) of solid tumors. In vivo biodistribution studies of 125I-labeled ST2146biot were done in nude mice transplanted with human HT-29 colon carcinoma and/or human U-118MG glioblastoma cells characterized for low and high tenascin expression, respectively. In vitro results show that ST2146 retains immunoreactivity upon biotinylation, in contrast to other anti-tenascin mAbs. In vivo biodistribution of ST2146 shows specific tumor accumulation up to 10 days after the i.v. injection, with no relevant differences between biotinylated and nonbiotinylated ST2146. A dose of 4 μg/mouse saturates the low tenascin-expressing human colon carcinoma HT-29, whereas the high tenascin-expressing human glioblastoma U-118MG seems to be saturated at a ST2146biot dose between 320 and 640 μg/mouse. The percentage of injected dose per gram of tumor ranges from 10% to 30%, corresponding to an amount of ST2146biot/g of tumor of ∼ 400 ng/g and >200 μg/g for HT-29 and U-118MG, respectively. Tumor to normal organs uptake ratios are between 15 and 60, confirming high tumor selectivity of ST2146biot despite its cross-reactivity with the tenascin expressed at low level in the normal mouse organs. The ST2146biot localization data are substantially confirmed even when both low and high tenascin-expressing tumors are implanted in the same animal. To our knowledge, the absolute amount of ST2146biot, specifically localized in xenotransplanted human tumors, is the highest thus far described and supports the clinical use of this mAb in PAGRIT.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research