Low birth weight and catch-up-growth associated with metabolic syndrome: A ten year systematic review

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Abstract

Objective: We conducted a systematic review in order to: i. summarize the relationship between low birth weight, catch-up-growth and the metabolic syndrome, from publications during the past 10 years; and ii. study the potential role of an alternative nurtritional approach to side effects of catch-up-growth. Methods: We reviewed all papers published in the past ten years assessing the possible association between low birth weight, cathch-up-growth and the occurrence of some components of the metabolic syndrome, including insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Results: We found 57 studies which described the relationship between metabolic syndrome associated features and low birth weight and catch-up-growth. The majority of the studies in children, adolescents and adults born small for gestational age (SGA) suggested that insulin resistance could represent the prelude to other metabolic disorders. Conclusions: Both low birth weight and catch-up-growth seem to correlate with some aspects of a later metabolic syndrome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)241-247
Number of pages7
JournalPediatric Endocrinology Reviews
Volume6
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2008

Keywords

  • Catch-up-growth
  • Dyslipidemia
  • Insulin resistance
  • Liver disease
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Programming
  • SGA
  • T2DM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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