Low-density lipoprotein oxidation in essential hypertension

Elena Maggi, Eugenia Marchesi, Valentina Ravetta, Francesco Falaschi, Giorgio Finardi, Giorgio Bellomo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To investigate the occurrence of enhanced low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation as an additional factor promoting atherosclerosis progression in hypertensive patients. Design: The oxidation of plasma LDL was investigated in a group of untreated patients with mild-to-moderate essential hypertension without clinically evident target organ damage and in a group of control subjects. Methods: LDL oxidation was evaluated as both the susceptibility to oxidation in vitro and the presence of plasma anti-oxidized LDL antibodies (as an index for oxidation in vivo). Results: LDL from hypertensive subjects exhibited enhanced susceptibility to oxidation in vitro as revealed by early and accelerated generation of conjugated dienes after exposure to CuSO4. Vitamin E concentration in LDL from hypertensive subjects was slightly but significantly decreased and its efficiency in protecting LDL from oxidation was impaired. Furthermore, a higher plasma anti-oxidized LDL titre was found in hypertensive patients. Subclass analysis revealed that the contemporary presence of hypercholesterolaemia did not significantly modify either the increased susceptibility of LDL to oxidation or the presence of plasma anti-oxidized LDL antibodies detected in hypertensive patients. Moreover, no correlation was found between LDL oxidation parameters and blood pressure values. Conclusions: LDL from hypertensive patients is more susceptible to oxidation in vitro and is more promptly oxidized in vivo. These findings suggest a possible participation of LDL oxidation in promoting and accelerating the atherosclerosis that often develops in hypertensive patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1103-1111
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Hypertension
Volume11
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1993

Keywords

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Free radicals
  • Hypertension
  • LDL oxidation
  • Vitamin E

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology

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