Low-dose risperidone augmentation of fluvoxamine treatment in obsessive-compulsive disorder: A double-blind, placebo-controlled study

Stefano Erzegovesi, Emanuela Guglielmo, Francesca Siliprandi, Laura Bellodi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

According to previous data, the addition of risperidone in obsessive-compulsive patients refractory to serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) is shown to be a safe and effective treatment strategy. The aims of our study were to evaluate the efficacy of risperidone addition, in comparison to placebo, in fluvoxamine-refractory obsessive-compulsive patients and to investigate whether risperidone could boost the efficacy of fluvoxamine in fluvoxamine-responder patients. Subjects were 45 obsessive-compulsive inpatients, consecutively recruited at the Department of Neurosciences at the San Raffaele Hospital, Milan. Thirty-nine patients completed the study. All patients received 12 weeks of a standardized open-label fluvoxamine monotherapy and then continued for 6 weeks with placebo or risperidone in a double-blind design. Results showed a significant effect of risperidone addition, at the end of the double-blind phase (18th week), only for fluvoxamine-refractory patients. Five patients on risperidone (50%) and two (20%) on placebo became responders, with a Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) decrease ≥35%. Risperidone was generally well tolerated, except for a mild transient sedation and a mild increase in appetite. This preliminary study suggests that even very low (0.5 mg) risperidone doses are effective in OC patients who were nonresponders to a standardized treatment with fluvoxamine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-74
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Neuropsychopharmacology
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2005

Keywords

  • Fluvoxamine
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • Risperidone
  • Serotonin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Neurology
  • Pharmacology
  • Psychology(all)

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