Purpose: A phase II dose-escalation trial was conducted to ascertain low-dose thalidomide safety and response in patients with advanced myelofibrosis with myeloid metaplasia (MMM). Patients and Methods: Thalidomide was administered together with current therapy to 63 patients, starting at 50 mg daily and increasing to 400 mg as tolerated. Results: Half of the patients sustained daily doses more than 100 mg and the drop-out rate was 51% at 6 months: the drop-out rate was lower in patients with high baseline fatigue score. At efficacy analysis, anemia was ameliorated in 22% of the patients and transfusions were eliminated in 39% of transfusion-dependent patients. Platelet count increased by 50 × 109/L or more in 22% of patients with an initial count lower than 100 × 109/L. Splenomegaly decreased by more than 50% of the initial size in 19% of patients. Reduction of an overall disease severity score occurred in 31% of patients and was associated with a significant reduction of fatigue. Disease severity amelioration was independently predicted by a high baseline myeloproliferative index (ie, large splenomegaly, thrombocytosis, or leukocytosis). Conclusion: Low-dose thalidomide displays an acceptable toxicity profile and provides an objective and subjective advantage to a relevant portion of MMM patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research