Low-power ultrasounds as a tool to culture human osteoblasts inside cancellous hydroxyapatite

Lorenzo Fassina, Enrica Saino, Maria Gabriella Cusella De Angelis, Giovanni Magenes, Francesco Benazzo, Livia Visai

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Abstract

Bone graft substitutes and cancellous biomaterials have been widely used to heal critical-size long bone defects due to trauma, tumor resection, and tissue degeneration. In particular, porous hydroxyapatite is widely used in reconstructive bone surgery owing to its biocompatibility. In addition, the in vitro modification of cancellous hydroxyapatite with osteogenic signals enhances the tissue regeneration in vivo, suggesting that the biomaterial modification could play an important role in tissue engineering. In this study, we have followed a tissue-engineering strategy where ultrasonically stimulated SAOS-2 human osteoblasts proliferated and built their extracellular matrix inside a porous hydroxyapatite scaffold. The ultrasonic stimulus had the following parameters: average power equal to 149mW and frequency of 1.5MHz. In comparison with control conditions, the ultrasonic stimulus increased the cell proliferation and the surface coating with bone proteins (decorin, osteocalcin, osteopontin, type-I collagen, and type-III collagen). The mechanical stimulus aimed at obtaining a better modification of the biomaterial internal surface in terms of cell colonization and coating with bone matrix. The modified biomaterial could be used, in clinical applications, as an implant for bone repair.

Original languageEnglish
Article number456240
JournalBioinorganic Chemistry and Applications
Volume2010
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Biochemistry

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