Low-risk profile for malignant ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death after surgical ventricular reconstruction

Massimo Baravelli, Paolo Cattaneo, Andrea Rossi, Maria Cristina Rossi, Cecilia Fantoni, Anna Picozzi, Daniela Imperiale, Melania Romano, Lucia Saporiti, Alda Bregasi, Lorenzo Menicanti, Claudio Anzà

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Although it has been recently demonstrated that there was no significant difference in total survival and clinical outcomes between patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with or without surgical ventricular reconstruction (SVR), the question of whether or not SVR decreases the arrhythmic risk profile in this population has not been clarified yet. Objective: To determine the real incidence of sudden cardiac death (SCD) and sustained ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation (sustained VT/VF) in patients following CABG added to SVR and to define their clinical and echocardiographic parameters predicting in-hospital and long-term arrhythmic events (SCD + sustained VT/VF). Methods: Pre- and postoperative clinical and echocardiographic values as well as postoperative electrocardiogram Holter data of 65 patients (21 female, 63 ± 11 years) who underwent SVR + CABG were retrospectively evaluated. Results: Mean follow-up was 1,105 ± 940 days. At 3 years, the SCD-free rate was 98% and the rate free from arrhythmic events was 88%. Multivariate logistic analysis identified a preoperative left ventricular end-systolic volume index (LVESVI) > 102 mL/m2 (odds ratio [OR] 1.4, confidence interval [CI] 1.073-1.864, P = 0.02; sensitivity 100%, specificity 94%) and a postoperative pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) > 27 mmHg (OR 2.3, CI 1.887-4.487, P = 0.01; sensitivity 100%, specificity 71%) as independent predictors of arrhythmic events. Conclusions: Our and previous studies report a low incidence of arrhythmic events in patients following SVR added to CABG, considering the high-risk profile of the study population. A preoperative LVESVI > 102 mL/m2 and a postoperative PASP > 27 mmHg had a good sensitivity and specificity in predicting arrhythmic events.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1054-1062
Number of pages9
JournalPACE - Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology
Volume33
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2010

Keywords

  • cardiac arrhythmias
  • cardiac surgical procedure
  • heart failure
  • left ventricular remodeling
  • sudden cardiac death

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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