Low vaccine coverage among children born to HIV infected women in Niamey, Niger

Hyppolite Kuekou Tchidjou, Maria Fenicia Vescio, Martin Sanou Sobze, Animata Souleyman, Paola Stefanelli, Adalbert Mbabia, Ide Moussa, Bruno Gentile, Vittorio Colizzi, Giovanni Rezza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The effect of mother’s HIV-status on child vaccination is an important public health issue in countries with high HIV prevalence. We conducted a study in a primary healthcare center located in Niamey, the capital of Niger, which offers free of charge services to HIV positive and/or underprivileged mothers, with the aim of assessing: 1) vaccination coverage for children 0–36 months old, born to HIV-infected mothers, and 2) the impact of maternal HIV status on child vaccination. Methods: Mothers of children less than 36 months old attending the center were interviewed, to collect information on vaccines administered to their child, and family’s socio-demographic characteristics. Results: Overall, 502 children were investigated. Children of HIV-seropositive mothers were less likely to receive follow up vaccinations for Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis (DTP) than those of HIV-seronegative mothers, with a prevalence ratio (PR) of 2.03 (95%CI: 1.58–2.61). Children born to HIV-seropositive mothers were less likely to miss vaccination for MMR than those born to HIV negative mothers, with a RR of 0.46 (95%CI: 0.30–0.72). Conclusions: Vaccine coverage among children born to HIV infected mothers was rather low. It is important to favor access to vaccination programs in this population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)540-544
Number of pages5
JournalHuman Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2016

Keywords

  • children
  • HIV
  • measles
  • niamey
  • niger
  • vaccination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology

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    Tchidjou, H. K., Vescio, M. F., Sanou Sobze, M., Souleyman, A., Stefanelli, P., Mbabia, A., Moussa, I., Gentile, B., Colizzi, V., & Rezza, G. (2016). Low vaccine coverage among children born to HIV infected women in Niamey, Niger. Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics, 12(2), 540-544. https://doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2015.1069451