Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Tools have been developed to accurately diagnose and evaluate coronary artery disease. Coronary CT angiography (CCTA) provides detailed imaging to deliver precise analysis and prognostic information. We sought to compare the radiation dose from a 256-detector-row CT scanner with that from a 64-detector-row CT scanner across a similar profile of patients. Methods: Consecutive patients were screened for the Converge Registry study and, after consenting to be included, were enrolled in accordance with an Institutional Review Board-approved protocol. A control group who underwent 64-row CCTA were matched by age, sex, and body mass index (BMI) with a group who underwent 256-row CCTA. Results: We compared 110 patients in each group. We found that mean dose-length product (DLP) was significantly lower in the 256-row group than in the 64-row group (P < 0.05). The radiation dose was reduced by 32% with use of the 256-row scanner for BMIs of 18.5-24.9 (DLP, 111.2 vs. 76.1 mGy-cm [1.56 vs. 1.07 mSv]; P < 0.05). For each BMI subgroup, there was a significant decrease in dose. Regression analysis found that with increasing BMIs, DLP significantly increased for both scanners. Conclusion: The 256-row scanner provided CCTA scans at significantly lower radiation doses than the 64-row scanner in different BMI groups, with all other variables accounted for. Lower radiation exposure along with lower contrast requirements can provide images with high diagnostic accuracy and less risk to the patient.
- cardiac computed tomographic angiography
- coronary artery disease
- radiation dosing
- radiation safety
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging