LPS nephropathy in mice is ameliorated by IL-2 independently of regulatory T cells activity

Roberta Bertelli, Armando Di Donato, Michela Cioni, Fabio Grassi, Masami Ikehata, Alice Bonanni, Maria Pia Rastaldi, Gian Marco Ghiggeri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Immunosuppressive regulatory T cells (Tregs) have been hypothesized to exert a protective role in animal models of spontaneous (Buffalo/Mna) and/or drug induced (Adriamycin) nephrotic syndrome. In this study, we thought to define whether Tregs can modify the outcome of LPS nephropathy utilizing IL-2 as inducer of tissue and circulating Tregs. LPS (12 mg/Kg) was given as single shot in C57BL/6, p2rx7-/- and Foxp3EGFP; free IL-2 (18.000 U) or, in alternative, IL-2 coupled with JES6-1 mAb (IL-2/anti-IL-2) were injected before LPS. Peripheral and tissue Tregs/total CD4+ cell ratio, urinary parameters and renal histology were evaluated for 15 days. IL-2 administration to wild type mice had no effect on peripheral Tregs number, whereas a significant increase was induced by the IL-2/anti-IL-2 immunocomplex after 5 days. Spleen and lymph nodes Tregs were comparably increased. In p2rx7-/- mice, IL-2/anti-IL-2 treatment resulted in increase of peripheral Tregs but did not modify the spleen and lymph nodes quota. LPS induced comparable and transient proteinuria in both wild type and p2rx7-/- mice. Proteinuria was inhibited by co-infusion of human IL-2, with reduction at each phase of the disease (24 -48 and 72 hours) whereas IL-2/anti-IL-2 produced weaker effects. In all mice (wild type and p2rx7-/-) and irrespective of treatment (IL-2, IL-2/anti-IL-2), LPS was associated with progressive signs of renal pathologic involvement resulting in glomerulosclerosis. In conclusion, IL-2 plays a transient protective effect on proteinuria induced by LPS independent of circulating or tissue Tregs but does not modify the outcome of renal degenerative renal lesions.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere111285
JournalPLoS One
Volume9
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 24 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

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