LTBP2-related "Marfan-like" phenotype in two Roma/Gypsy subjects with the LTBP2 homozygous p.R299X variant

Silvia Morlino, Viola Alesi, Federica Calì, Francesca Romana Lepri, Aurelio Secinaro, Paola Grammatico, Antonio Novelli, Fabrizio Drago, Marco Castori, Anwar Baban

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Recessive variants in LTBP2 are associated with eye-restricted phenotypes including (a) primary congenital glaucoma and (b) microspherophakia/megalocornea and ectopia lentis with/without secondary glaucoma. Nosology of LTBP2 pathology in humans is apparently in contrast with the consolidated evidence of a wide expression of this gene in the developing embryo. Accordingly, in previously published patients with LTBP2-related eye disease, additional extraocular findings have been occasionally reported and include, among others, high-arched palate, tall stature, and variable cardiac involvement. Anyway, no emphasis was put on such systemic manifestations. Here, we report two unrelated Roma/Gypsy patients first ascertained for a multisystem disorder mainly characterized by primary congenital glaucoma, complex congenital heart defect, tall stature, long fingers, skin striae and dystrophic scarring, and resembling Marfan syndrome. Heart involvement was severe with polyvalvular heart dysplasia in one, and transposition of great arteries, thoracic arterial tortuosity, polyvalvular heart dysplasia, and neo-aortic root dilatation in the other. Both patients were homozygous for the recurrent c.895C>T[p.(R299X)] variant, typically found in individuals of Roma/Gypsy descent with an eye-restricted phenotype. Our findings point out LTBP2 as responsible of a systemic phenotype coherent with the community of syndromes related to anomalies in genes involved in the TGFβ-pathway. Among these disorders, LTBP2-related systemic disease emerges as a distinct condition with expanding prognostic implications and autosomal recessive inheritance.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A
Publication statusPublished - Dec 18 2018


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