LTBP2-related "Marfan-like" phenotype in two Roma/Gypsy subjects with the LTBP2 homozygous p.R299X variant

Silvia Morlino, Viola Alesi, Federica Calì, Francesca Romana Lepri, Aurelio Secinaro, Paola Grammatico, Antonio Novelli, Fabrizio Drago, Marco Castori, Anwar Baban

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Recessive variants in LTBP2 are associated with eye-restricted phenotypes including (a) primary congenital glaucoma and (b) microspherophakia/megalocornea and ectopia lentis with/without secondary glaucoma. Nosology of LTBP2 pathology in humans is apparently in contrast with the consolidated evidence of a wide expression of this gene in the developing embryo. Accordingly, in previously published patients with LTBP2-related eye disease, additional extraocular findings have been occasionally reported and include, among others, high-arched palate, tall stature, and variable cardiac involvement. Anyway, no emphasis was put on such systemic manifestations. Here, we report two unrelated Roma/Gypsy patients first ascertained for a multisystem disorder mainly characterized by primary congenital glaucoma, complex congenital heart defect, tall stature, long fingers, skin striae and dystrophic scarring, and resembling Marfan syndrome. Heart involvement was severe with polyvalvular heart dysplasia in one, and transposition of great arteries, thoracic arterial tortuosity, polyvalvular heart dysplasia, and neo-aortic root dilatation in the other. Both patients were homozygous for the recurrent c.895C>T[p.(R299X)] variant, typically found in individuals of Roma/Gypsy descent with an eye-restricted phenotype. Our findings point out LTBP2 as responsible of a systemic phenotype coherent with the community of syndromes related to anomalies in genes involved in the TGFβ-pathway. Among these disorders, LTBP2-related systemic disease emerges as a distinct condition with expanding prognostic implications and autosomal recessive inheritance.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 18 2018

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Glaucoma
Phenotype
Ectopia Lentis
Marfan Syndrome
Transposition of Great Vessels
Congenital Heart Defects
Eye Diseases
Palate
Fingers
Cicatrix
Dilatation
Thorax
Embryonic Structures
Pathology
Gene Expression
Skin
Genes
Microspherophakia
Megalocornea
Arterial Tortuosity Syndrome

Cite this

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title = "LTBP2-related {"}Marfan-like{"} phenotype in two Roma/Gypsy subjects with the LTBP2 homozygous p.R299X variant",
abstract = "Recessive variants in LTBP2 are associated with eye-restricted phenotypes including (a) primary congenital glaucoma and (b) microspherophakia/megalocornea and ectopia lentis with/without secondary glaucoma. Nosology of LTBP2 pathology in humans is apparently in contrast with the consolidated evidence of a wide expression of this gene in the developing embryo. Accordingly, in previously published patients with LTBP2-related eye disease, additional extraocular findings have been occasionally reported and include, among others, high-arched palate, tall stature, and variable cardiac involvement. Anyway, no emphasis was put on such systemic manifestations. Here, we report two unrelated Roma/Gypsy patients first ascertained for a multisystem disorder mainly characterized by primary congenital glaucoma, complex congenital heart defect, tall stature, long fingers, skin striae and dystrophic scarring, and resembling Marfan syndrome. Heart involvement was severe with polyvalvular heart dysplasia in one, and transposition of great arteries, thoracic arterial tortuosity, polyvalvular heart dysplasia, and neo-aortic root dilatation in the other. Both patients were homozygous for the recurrent c.895C>T[p.(R299X)] variant, typically found in individuals of Roma/Gypsy descent with an eye-restricted phenotype. Our findings point out LTBP2 as responsible of a systemic phenotype coherent with the community of syndromes related to anomalies in genes involved in the TGFβ-pathway. Among these disorders, LTBP2-related systemic disease emerges as a distinct condition with expanding prognostic implications and autosomal recessive inheritance.",
author = "Silvia Morlino and Viola Alesi and Federica Cal{\`i} and Lepri, {Francesca Romana} and Aurelio Secinaro and Paola Grammatico and Antonio Novelli and Fabrizio Drago and Marco Castori and Anwar Baban",
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T1 - LTBP2-related "Marfan-like" phenotype in two Roma/Gypsy subjects with the LTBP2 homozygous p.R299X variant

AU - Morlino, Silvia

AU - Alesi, Viola

AU - Calì, Federica

AU - Lepri, Francesca Romana

AU - Secinaro, Aurelio

AU - Grammatico, Paola

AU - Novelli, Antonio

AU - Drago, Fabrizio

AU - Castori, Marco

AU - Baban, Anwar

N1 - © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

PY - 2018/12/18

Y1 - 2018/12/18

N2 - Recessive variants in LTBP2 are associated with eye-restricted phenotypes including (a) primary congenital glaucoma and (b) microspherophakia/megalocornea and ectopia lentis with/without secondary glaucoma. Nosology of LTBP2 pathology in humans is apparently in contrast with the consolidated evidence of a wide expression of this gene in the developing embryo. Accordingly, in previously published patients with LTBP2-related eye disease, additional extraocular findings have been occasionally reported and include, among others, high-arched palate, tall stature, and variable cardiac involvement. Anyway, no emphasis was put on such systemic manifestations. Here, we report two unrelated Roma/Gypsy patients first ascertained for a multisystem disorder mainly characterized by primary congenital glaucoma, complex congenital heart defect, tall stature, long fingers, skin striae and dystrophic scarring, and resembling Marfan syndrome. Heart involvement was severe with polyvalvular heart dysplasia in one, and transposition of great arteries, thoracic arterial tortuosity, polyvalvular heart dysplasia, and neo-aortic root dilatation in the other. Both patients were homozygous for the recurrent c.895C>T[p.(R299X)] variant, typically found in individuals of Roma/Gypsy descent with an eye-restricted phenotype. Our findings point out LTBP2 as responsible of a systemic phenotype coherent with the community of syndromes related to anomalies in genes involved in the TGFβ-pathway. Among these disorders, LTBP2-related systemic disease emerges as a distinct condition with expanding prognostic implications and autosomal recessive inheritance.

AB - Recessive variants in LTBP2 are associated with eye-restricted phenotypes including (a) primary congenital glaucoma and (b) microspherophakia/megalocornea and ectopia lentis with/without secondary glaucoma. Nosology of LTBP2 pathology in humans is apparently in contrast with the consolidated evidence of a wide expression of this gene in the developing embryo. Accordingly, in previously published patients with LTBP2-related eye disease, additional extraocular findings have been occasionally reported and include, among others, high-arched palate, tall stature, and variable cardiac involvement. Anyway, no emphasis was put on such systemic manifestations. Here, we report two unrelated Roma/Gypsy patients first ascertained for a multisystem disorder mainly characterized by primary congenital glaucoma, complex congenital heart defect, tall stature, long fingers, skin striae and dystrophic scarring, and resembling Marfan syndrome. Heart involvement was severe with polyvalvular heart dysplasia in one, and transposition of great arteries, thoracic arterial tortuosity, polyvalvular heart dysplasia, and neo-aortic root dilatation in the other. Both patients were homozygous for the recurrent c.895C>T[p.(R299X)] variant, typically found in individuals of Roma/Gypsy descent with an eye-restricted phenotype. Our findings point out LTBP2 as responsible of a systemic phenotype coherent with the community of syndromes related to anomalies in genes involved in the TGFβ-pathway. Among these disorders, LTBP2-related systemic disease emerges as a distinct condition with expanding prognostic implications and autosomal recessive inheritance.

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JO - American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A

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